Oral Candidiasis Explained

Oral candidiasis, also known as oral thrush, is a common fungal infection characterized by white patches in the mouth and on the tongue. Let’s explore what oral candidiasis is, its symptoms, causes, and available treatment options.

Oral Candidiasis Explained


Oral candidiasis, or oral thrush, is a fungal infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida yeast in the mouth. It can affect people of all ages, from infants to the elderly, and can cause discomfort and difficulty eating or swallowing.


Symptoms of oral candidiasis may include white, creamy patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, roof of the mouth, or throat. These patches may be painful or cause a burning sensation, especially when eating or drinking. In severe cases, the infection may spread to the esophagus, leading to difficulty swallowing.


Is often caused by an overgrowth of Candida yeast, which is normally present in the mouth in small amounts. Certain factors can increase the risk of developing oral thrush, including weakened immune system, poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain medications (such as antibiotics or corticosteroids), and medical conditions like diabetes or HIV/AIDS.


Diagnosing oral candidiasis typically involves a visual examination of the mouth and throat by a healthcare professional. In some cases, a sample of the affected tissue may be taken for laboratory analysis to confirm the presence of Candida yeast.


Treatment for oral candidiasis depends on the severity of the infection and underlying causes. Antifungal medications, such as clotrimazole or fluconazole, may be prescribed to kill the Candida yeast and reduce symptoms. In addition to medication, practicing good oral hygiene, including brushing the teeth and tongue regularly and using antifungal mouthwash, can help prevent and manage oral thrush.


Preventing oral candidiasis involves maintaining good oral hygiene, avoiding smoking, and managing underlying medical conditions that increase the risk of fungal infections. For individuals with weakened immune systems, following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and managing stress can help support immune function and reduce the risk of infections.

In conclusion, oral candidiasis, or oral thrush, is a common fungal infection characterized by white patches in the mouth and throat. It can cause discomfort and difficulty eating, but with prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment, most cases of oral thrush can be effectively managed. If you suspect you have oral candidiasis, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.

It is important to consult a dentist for an accurate diagnosis and to determine the appropriate treatment for each case.

We recommend Bridlewood Dental Clinic.


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